ORGANIC FARMING METHODS | DEFINITION, TYPES, ADVANTAGES AND IMPORTANCE

organic farming methods, what is organic farming, types of organic farming, importance of organic farming, advantages of organic farming, modern farmers
Organic Farming Methods - What is Organic Farming

ORGANIC FARMING METHODS – WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING –TYPES OF ORGANIC FARMING – ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING – IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC FARMING – IDEAS FOR MODERN FARMERS



ORGANIC FARMING METHODS | WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING | TYPES OF ORGANIC FARMING | ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING | IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC FARMING | IDEAS FOR MODERN FARMERS| WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING - Modern farmers are calling it is Natural farming. The organic farming system in the modern world is not a new wave and is being followed from ancient period. The organic farming system complies with natural and eco-friendly. This involves using techniques to achieve good crop yields without harming the natural environment or the people who live and work in it. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says the definition of organic farming is a unique production management system which promotes and enhances ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity and this is accomplished by using on-farm agronomic, biological and mechanical methods in exclusion of all synthetic off-farm inputs.

Organic farming definition


Organic farming which is a holistic production management system that promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity is hence important.
As per the definition of USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) about organic farming is a method which avoids or excludes the use of artificial inputs (like fertilizers, feed additives, hormones, pesticides, etc) and to the maximum extent feasible rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and plant protection.

READ MORE : Country Chicken Farming by Organic Farming Method

Types of organic farming methods


How to keep and build good soil structure and fertility?
Modern farmers should use composted crop wastes or animal manures for the soil's goodness. If Modern farmers select the right soil cultivation for the right time can get good harvesting results. The crop cycle should be changed every time. If we use green manures can get good soil structure.
For the reason of population, we need to build new organic farms. The scientists have realized that the ‘Green-Revolution’ with high input use has reached a plateau and is now sustained with diminishing return of falling dividends. Thus, a natural balance needs to be maintained at all cost for the existence of life and property. The obvious choice for that would be more relevant in the present era when these agro-chemicals which are produced from fossil fuel and are not renewable and are diminishing in availability. It may also cost heavily on our foreign exchange in the future.

organic farming methods, what is organic farming, types of organic farming, importance of organic farming, advantages of organic farming, modern farmers
Organic Food


What is organic food?


While there are also some variations in the amounts of nutrients and anti-nutrients when organically produced food and conventionally produced food are compared, the different nature of food production and making methods it difficult to generalize results, and there is insufficient evidence to make claims that organic food system is safer or healthier than conventional food system.

Organic farming business


Nowadays organic farm store has a big market. In this modern world, People wish to buy organic products and organic foods from modern farmers and their stores. If we need to get a good profit certainly first we have to change the method of farming. Most organic farmers are struggling due to poor policy measures, rising input costs and limited market to run their farming in an organic method. This is the time to build new organic farms so people can live healthily and modern farmers can live wealthy.

Organic farming in India


Indian modern farmers guide to thirty percent of the total organic producers in the world. In 57.8 million hectares of total organic cultivation area, Indian organic food cultivated area is 1.5 million hectares. Sikkim was recognized as India's first organic state in 2018. A survey taken by Delhi Science and Environment Centre states that the state’s conventional method into organic farming is yet to become a true success. This survey found that the phasing out of chemicals in Sikkim was not complemented by a simultaneous increase in the availability of and access to organic manure.

At the same time, nearly 86 percent of Indian farmers are aware of ecological hazards of conventional chemical-based farming, but fear of a decline in production and unavailability of organic inputs in the market discourage them from switching to organic farming.


organic farming methods, what is organic farming, types of organic farming, importance of organic farming, advantages of organic farming, modern farmers
Organic Vegetables


Advantages of organic farming methods


  • Using organic farming the system can reduce exposure to pesticides and chemicals.
  • The organic farming method builds healthy soil which is suitable for our environment.
  • Crops in the organic farm are combating soil pollution.
  • The transition from conventional chemical-based farms to organic farms will reduce the global warming effect.
  • Water conservation and water health will be high if modern farmers use the organic system.
  • Biodiversity is encouraged by using organic farming.
  • It builds good body health and support animal health.
  • Organic methods can increase farm productivity, repair decades of environmental damage and knit small farm families into more sustainable distribution networks leading to improved food security if they organize themselves in production, certification and marketing.
  • The method improves the soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil nutrients reduce nutrient loss into water bodies and environment and promotes favorable chemical reactions.

Importance of organic farming methods


During the last few years, an increasing number of farmers have shown a lack of interest in farming and the people who used to cultivate are migrating to other areas. Organic farming is one way to promote either self-sufficiency or food security. Use of massive inputs of chemical fertilizers and toxic pesticides poisons the land and water heavily. The important thing in organic farming system is a selection of long term and short term soil cultivation. Protecting the long period fertility of soils by maintaining organic levels, encouraging the soil biological activity, and careful mechanical support. Providing crop nutrients indirectly using comparatively insoluble nutrient sources which are made offered to the plant by the action of soil microorganisms. Nitrogen gas self-sufficiency through the use of legumes and biological nitrogen fixation, as well as effective recycling of organic materials including crop residues and livestock farming.

Weed, disease and pest control relying primarily on crop rotations, natural predators, diversity, organic manuring, resistant varieties, and limited (preferably minimal) thermal, biological and chemical intervention. The extensive management of livestock, paying full regard to their evolutionary adaptations, behavioral needs, and animal welfare issues with respect to nutrition, housing, health, breeding, and rearing. In this vast environment, we have to give attention to the eco-friendly method of the organic farming system.

The presence of pests in organic farming is anticipated in advance and accordingly, the planting schedules and locations are adjusted as much as possible to avoid serious pest problems. The main strategy to combat harmful pests is to build up a population of beneficial insects, whose larvae feed off the eggs of pests. The key to building a population of beneficial insects is to establish borders (host crops) around fields planted with blends of flowering plants that the beneficial insects particularly like. Then periodically beneficial insects are released into the fields, where the host crops serve as their home base and attract more beneficial insects over time. When faced with a pest outbreak that cannot be handled by beneficial insects, the used of natural or other organically approved insecticides like neem pesticides is done. The two most important criteria for allowed organic pesticides are low toxicity to people and other animals and low persistence in the environment. These criteria are determined by the National Organic Standards.


To build a good organic farm by using organic farming methods


Modern farmers also complained of low productivity during the transition from conventional farming to organic farming. Pest attack on organic crops is another reason cited by the modern farmers for low productivity and demanded education and training to deal with it. The problem of pest attacks increased after the conversion to organic farming, but it takes time to build a good organic farm without pest attack.

Where do modern farmers fail to build a better market for organic farming?


Even modern farmers are struggling to find a better market, the existing organic certification systems are creating things difficult for them. Making own certification systems will take too much time. Also, that is expensive too. these factors make, modern farmers do not like to follow the certification systems so, they can not find a better market.

Profits of Organic Farming Methods


In the USA, organic farming has been shown to be 2.7 to 3.8 times more profitable for the farmer than conventional farming when prevailing price premiums are taken into account. Organic farming is between 22 and 35 percent more profitable for farmers than conventional methods in all over the world. The profitability of organic agriculture can be attributed to a number of factors. The first factor, organic farmers do not rely on synthetic fertilizer and pesticide inputs, which can be costly. In addition, organic foods currently enjoy a price premium over conventionally produced foods, meaning that organic farmers can often get more for their yield. The price premium for organic food is an important factor in the economic viability of organic farming. In 2017 there was an 80% price premium on organic vegetables and a 65% price premium for organic fruits.

Final word - We hope this article helped you know about ORGANIC FARMING METHODS WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING – TYPES OF ORGANIC FARMING – ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING – IMPORTANCE OF ORGANIC FARMING. In upcoming posts, we will see about modern farmers – organic business ideas, status, and profits. If you want to learn about Organic farming methods follow my website updates. Please share your experience with me via comments. Your comment can help me to improve my website updates. If this post helped you, please share this post.

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3 Comments

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  2. Organic farming method is nowadays going well..If farmers follows this method surely they will make good profit in short period...

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